Year Education Institution
1972 RN (Registered General Nurse) Kotkan sairaanhoito-oppilaitos
1975 RMN (specializing studies for Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health) Tampereen terveydenhuolto-oppilaitos
1978 RNT (Registered Nurse Teacher/ BA-level) Turun terveydenhuolto-oppilaitos
1995 MNSc (Master of Nursing Science) University of Turku
1998 Licentiate of Health Care Sciences University of Turku
2002 PhD (by research) University of Turku
2011 Docent/ Professor's qualification in Nursing Science University of Turku Medical Faculty



Year(s) Title Employer
1972-1974 Registered nurse in mental health care and learning disability services e.g. Rauhan sairaala, Kuusaan keskuslaitos
1975-1976 Psychiatric Nurse The University Psychiatric Clinic in Turku
1979-1999 Senior Lecturer Turku University of Applied Sciences (TUAS) / Health Care
1999-2013 Principal Lecturer Turun terveydenhuolto-oppilaitos, Turku University of Applied Sciences (TUAS) / Health Care
2004-2009 Research and Development Manager (periodic) Turku University of Applied Sciences (TUAS) / Health Care
2010-2013 Project Co-ordinator of EmpNURS project Lifelong Learning Programme project of TUAS / Health Care